IKAN PUYU
Anabas testudineus
By: Hussain Mat Din

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Monday, 19-Sep-2005 00:00 Email | Share | | Bookmark
CLIMBING PERCH

CLIMBING PERCH
IKAN PUYU
The Climbing Perch
Anabas testudineus
By David Marshall
The article which follows was written for the web-site of Ryedale Aquarist Society, Pickering, North Yorkshire, England
Aquarticles

SCIENTIFIC NAME - Anabas testudineus
COMMON NAME - Climbing Perch
SCIENTIFIC CONFUSION? - With several slight colour and morphological differences in Climbing Perch found throughout their natural range it may well be that, in the future, we will see some of these given alternative scientific names.
NATURAL RANGE - Thailand, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Taiwan, Indonesia, Southern China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Philippines.
SIZE - 10" (25cm).

DESCRIPTION - A torpedo looking, perch shaped fish. The body is elongate, the dorsal fin has a longer base than the anal, dorsal and anal reach backwards to the beginning of the caudal and that the posterior edge of the gill cover bears two strong spines. Colour is of a 'muddy' appearance of olive-grey. Young specimens have a dark spot on the caudal peduncle (point at which the body ends and tail starts). Young are often confused with Ctenopoma species.
DANGER? - The gill covers are equipped with various spines that are used as a defensive mechanism and are said to cause pain (if my experience of badly swollen fingers and large blisters caused by the ventral fin spines of Synodontis species 'Nigeria' is similar to this then such contact is best avoided and only plunging my hand into extremely hot water took this swelling down) if they catch a fishkeepers hand.
FIN MOVERS? - These fish are capable of moving from pool to pool by using their pectoral fins, caudal peduncle and gill covers as a means of locomotion. As a means of protection these fish are said to use the cover of darkness in order to move around doing so in groups and not as individuals.
HOW DID THESE FISH GAIN THEIR COMMON NAME? - Climbing Perch came about due to a 'myth'. Because certain individuals are said to have been found in tree tops a 'myth' has spread that these fish are the 'Tarzan of the fish world' able to shin up tree trunks with ease but this has yet to be scientifically proved so it is more likely that fish eating birds actually dropped or left catches of this particular fish on tree branches.
AQUARIUM CONDITIONS - In his Tetra published book Labyrinth Fish - The Bubble-Nest-Builders, Anabantid expert Horst Linke recommends that these fish be maintained in aquaria of 70x40x40cm with a temperature of between 20 and 25 C. Linke recommends keeping these fish in a well-planted aquarium. From a conversation with well-known aquatic photographer Mr. Kevin Webb, maggots and large sized commercial aquarium fish food pellets make good foods for these particular fish. These fish have a predatory nature so are NOT for the community aquarium. The two Climbing Perch I care for live fairly peacefully alongside large Loricarins, Synodontis pardalis, Sajica Cichlids, Doradids and a Garra species.
Please remember that these are labyrinth fish so leave a gap between the water surface and condensation shield (in order to keep the labyrinth organ working properly) and watch for signs of velvet disease.
BREEDING - The sexes are told apart by girth, as that of the female is larger (particularly when in spawning condition). Males may be darker in colour and have more of a knife-edged anal fin than females. Use a large aquarium with plenty of floating plants. These fish do not build nests spawning in open water. Unlike their Gourami relatives they do not entwine in a full embrace. Spawning is said to be a very vigorous affair.
Eggs are clear in appearance and rise to the water surface. Once spawning is complete remove the adults, as they are prone to eating their eggs. Any fry which hatch (said to be from day 3 onwards) would be very delicate and require either green water or egg yolk paste as a first food with newly hatched brine shrimp to follow after the first week or so. The fry would be tiny and prone to velvet disease.
REFERENCES
Labyrinth Fish - The Bubble-Nest-Builders by Horst Linke, Tetra Press.
Labyrinth Fish by Helmut Pinter, Barron's Publishing.
Star Animals Series - See & Discover Fish (English edition) - Elsa editions.
Dr. Axelrod's Mini-Atlas, TFH Publications.
SOURCE:
http://www.aquarticles.com/articles/breeding/Marshall_Climbing_Perch.html


Wednesday, 14-Sep-2005 00:00 Email | Share | | Bookmark
IKAN PEKASAM

IKAN PEKASAM
Ikan Pekasam Makin Dapat Sambutan

Oleh Mohd Zabidi Osman

LENGGONG, 14 Ogos (Bernama) -- Bagi para penggemarnya, bau busuk yang dikaitkan dengan ikan pekasam, tidak menimbulkan masalah apabila ikan air tawar peram itu dijadikan hidangan.

Namun bau itu kurang menyenangkan bagi sesetengah orang dan masalah sama pernah dihadapi para pengusaha keropok lekor di Pantai Timur semasa cuba menerokai pasaran di kawasan Pantai Barat beberapa tahun lepas.

Usaha mengurangkan bau ikan pekasam itu adalah antara kajian yang akan dijalankan Pusat Pekasam Negara yang bakal diwujudkan di Kampung Kelantan di sini.

"Dulu bau keropok lekor menimbulkan masalah kepada sesetengah orang tetapi apabila ia dapat diatasi, pasarannya telah dapat diperluaskan.

"Kami yakin ikan pekasam juga akan dapat diperluaskan pasarannya dan lebih mudah menarik minat orang ramai untuk memakannya apabila masalah bau itu diatasi," kata Menteri Besar Datuk Seri Tajol Rosli Ghazali.

Bercakap kepada pemberita semasa melawat daerah Lenggong baru-baru ini, beliau berkata pusat pekasam di tapak seluas kira-kira 5 hektar itu akan dibangunkan dengan kos RM5 juta oleh Jabatan Perikanan.

Pusat itu akan dilengkapi dengan pelbagai jenis peralatan dan mesin canggih membuat pekasam termasuk memperkenalkan pembungkusan yang lebih menarik dan pengurusan pemasaran yang mantap.

Antara kajian terpenting yang akan dijalankan oleh pusat itu adalah bagi meningkatkan mutu ikan pekasam dan menghilangkan baunya, kata Menteri Besar.

Ikan pekasam telah lama dihasilkan di kawasan ini oleh para pengusaha tradisional yang menjalankan operasi di rumah dan hasil pengeluaran mereka dipasarkan di Pusat Rekreasi Tasik Raban dan gerai-gerai jualan di pekan Lenggong.

Ikan pekasam yang dihasilkan di Lenggong ialah pekasam ikan pucuk pisang, lampam jawa, sepat, loma, patin, puyu, dan talapia merah.

Terdapat 16 orang pengusaha ikan pekasam tradisional yang aktif di sekitar Lenggong dan purata pengeluaran para pengusaha itu ialah kira-kira 5,000 kilogram sebulan.

Bagi para pengusaha terbabit, cadangan kerajaan mewujudkan pusat berkenaan sangat dinantikan kerana ia diyakini dapat membantu meningkatkan lagi perniagaan mereka.

Seorang pengusaha, Zahidin Osman, 44, berkata jika bau pekasam dapat dikurangkan, beliau yakin permintaan akan lebih meningkat terutama daripada pengguna di bandar besar.

"Sekarang pun kami lihat ikan pekasam sudah mula mendapat tempat di kalangan pembeli bukan Melayu, jika mutu ikan dan pembungkusannya lebih baik, saya yakin lebih mudah dijual," katanya.

Zahidin yang mengusahakan ikan pekasam sepenuh masa bersama isterinya Hamimah Ismail, berkata berniaga ikan pekasam memang menguntungkan terutama bagi pengusaha yang menternak ikan dalam sangkar seperti beliau.

Seorang peniaga Hata Abdullah, 35, berkata ikan pekasam yang dihasilkan di Lenggong bukan sahaja dibeli oleh pelawat tetapi kini turut dihantar kepada peniaga hingga ke Kuala Lumpur.

Beliau berkata proses membuat ikan pekasam mengambil masa kira-kira dua minggu kerana ikan yang digaul dengan garam dan beras itu perlu diperam terlebih dahulu.

-- BERNAMA


Tuesday, 13-Sep-2005 00:00 Email | Share | | Bookmark
IKAN PUYU IN INTERNATIONAL MARKET

Frozen IKAN PUYU
Dried IKAN PUYU
IKAN PUYU (Anabas testudineus) has entered International market. Thailand, Vietnam and Myanmar are amongst the exporting countries.

Example: Grand Wynn Enterprises Myanmar
Marketed fresh or frozen
( 6/8,8/10,10/12,12/15 ) Pcs per kg

HOW ABOUT MALAYSIA ???????
PRODUCT: PEKASAM MALAYSIA




Monday, 12-Sep-2005 00:00 Email | Share | | Bookmark
BEST FOOD

IKAN SEGAR
ABANG AFFANDI
PEKASAM
(Traveller's column)
New Straits Times; 4/23/2004;

Interview with Abang Affandi Abang Anuar 52,
Sarawak Tourism Ministry Permanent Secretary

Q: What was the best food you've tasted and where?
A: At a state dinner in Kangar, Perlis in February, where ikan puyu pekasam goreng was served as appetiser together with kerabu made from local mango.



Friday, 9-Sep-2005 00:00 Email | Share | | Bookmark
MEMANCING IKAN PUYU

MEMANCING PUYU DISAWAH
ALATAN MEMANCING PUYU
PERAMBUT
View all 4 photos...
Puyu atau betuk adalah sejenis ikan yang dikategorikan sebagai labirin (labyrinth). Ikan jenis ini mempunyai organ khas bagi membolehkannya bernyawa walaupun tidak berada dalam air.

Disebabkan keistimewaan ini, puyu hanya memerlukan sedikit kelembapan untuk terus hidup. Ikan puyu dapat bergerak dari satu kolam ke satu kolam yang lain dengan bergerak di atas tanah pada waktu malam atau selepas hujan.

Ketika kemarau, ikan puyu mampu menyorokkan diri dalam lumpur dan akan keluar semula apabila lumpur itu ditenggelami air.

Ikan puyu boleh didapati di sawah padi, terusan, parit, tasik, kolam dan paya. Puyu boleh membesar sehingga 25 cm. Puyu betina lebih gemuk dan montok daripada jantan.

Cara memancing

Ikan puyu boleh dipancing menggunakan umpan cacing, belalang, ulat pisang dan pepatung. Ketika kecil, saya pernah memancing ikan puyu menggunakan telur kerengga dan hirisan hati ayam. Untuk memancing ikan puyu kita perlu menggunakan mata kail yang kecil daripada saiz 11.

Tali untuk ikan puyu tidak perlu berat tetapi mencukupi dengan tali 6 paun dan joran ‘ultra light’ kekuatan 4 hingga 10 paun.

Untuk memancing ikan puyu, saya syorkan pelampung jenis ‘round plastic float’ atau ‘pencil float’ daripada jenis panjang atau membujur. Ikan puyu selalunya makan di dasar dan pertengahan air. Sekiranya memancing di dasar, anda disyor menggunakan ‘split shot’ beberapa biji untuk menenggelamkan umpan. Bagi perambut pula seperti di rajah diatas.

SUMBER: JORAN (BERITA HARIAN)


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